Inglés Escritura Ejercicio (Avanzado)
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Relative clauses are adjective clauses, and they perform the function of an adjective, i.e., they modify a noun or a noun phrase. They usually contain the words that, which, who, whom, or whose, but if the relative pronoun is not the subject, it is usually omitted in informal speech and writing.
Combine each pair of sentences using a relative clause, beginning each new sentence as it is already written. Write only the sentences in blue.
HINT: The sentences to be combined have the type of clause they are in green. For example: G = Genitive. The examples are also labeled.
NOTE: The sentences which end in prepositions or than are informal and should not be written in academic work.
1) I saw the man. The man ran away. (Subject)
I saw the man who ran away. [When a relative pronoun is the subject, it can not be omitted unless it is also possible to omit the linking verb: I like the man. The man is sitting next to me. I like the man (who is) sitting next to me.]
2) I saw the girl. The boy hit the girl. (Direct Object)
I saw the girl the boy hit. [These are also correct: I saw the girl who(m) the boy hit.]
3) I saw the girl. The boy gave the girl a book. (Indirect Object)
I saw the girl the boy gave the book to. [This is also correct: I saw the girl to whom the boy gave the book. Notice that we have to add the word to at the end of the sentence because it is an indirect object.]
4) I saw the boy. The boy’s girlfriend left him. (Genitive)
I saw the boy whose girlfriend left him. [Whose is an adjective modifying girlfriend here and so can not be omitted. NEVER SAY I saw the boy who his girlfriend left him.]
5) I saw the girl. The boy is bigger than the girl. (Comparative)
I saw the girl the boy is bigger than. [Also correct: I saw the girl than whom the boy is bigger.]
6) I saw the list. The boy’s name was on the list. (Object of the Preposition)
I saw the list the boy’s name was on. [Also correct: I saw the list on which the boy’s name was (written). Do not be afraid to end a sentence with a preposition in English.]
Annie and a man are sitting at a table. The table is near the sea. (S)
Annie and a man are sitting at a table _________________.
They ordered coffee. They are not drinking the coffee. (DO)
They are not drinking the coffee _____________________.
Annie is writing a postcard to a woman. Annie is staying in the woman’s house in Thessaloniki. (G)
Annie is writing a postcard to the woman _________________.
The house is on a quiet street. Annie tells her she loves the street. (OP)
Annie tells her she loves the quiet street __________________.
She tells the woman she has stayed in luxury hotels. She says her house is nicer than them. (C)
She says she has stayed in luxury hotels the woman’s house _________.
A man is sitting beside Annie. Who is the man? (S)
Who is the man _________________________?
His name is Carlos. The woman asked him to look after Annie. (IO)
He’s Carlos, the man _________________.
Carlos just asked Annie to marry him. What do you think she said?